The “New economic approach to regional mobilities” Chair corresponds to a time of multiple pressures on SNCF: opening up to competition, debate around the national transportation infrastructures scheme, tightening of economic constraints, debate on energy resources, development of digital technology…
In addition, the most recent prospective studies show that French society’s attitude to space is changing, as ways of living, consuming, and working become more diverse. An accurate understanding of regional dynamics and of the intensity of future demand, in the light of current and forthcoming economic constraints, therefore needs to be incorporated into the construction of the mobility networks and services of tomorrow. This context raises numerous questions about this economic model and the territorial impact of mobility systems. They will be at the heart of the Chair’s research and education program. Yes, mobility constitutes a major tool of spatial planning, as well as an instrument of growth for companies, and a major source of social cohesion. Through the Chair, SNCF hopes to support the coproduction of knowledge, promote the training of engineers and territorial economists, and perhaps even to trigger new dynamics to help develop effective responses to the challenges that await us.
- What are the costs of the different transportation modes/services for stakeholders and regions? How should they be distributed between regions and actors?
- How can quality of service (comfort, time saved, reliability, traveler information) be “measured” in economic terms?
- How do we assess the value creation associated with transit provision to a territory?
- How do transportation projects interact with territorial development (environment, economic activity, accessibility)?
- Can we improve the evaluation of transportation projects, and how? Their funding?
- What new services can be developed around digital technology and for what outcomes?
- To what extent can we devise an economic model that promotes the development of intermodality?